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Overview of Immune Responses : A Primer.


The immune system is commonly conceived as the set of cells and molecules which participate in a concerted and tuned

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Cell activation

TH cell activation and licensing The first event in helper T-cell activation involves DC-mediated antigen recognition (with or without B7),

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The scope of this chapter was to present the main aspects of the immune response. They are summarized as follows :

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The author

Carlo Pifferi Carlo Pifferi obtained his Master’s degree in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, under the supervision of Prof. C. Nativi,

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