Search
Close this search box.

Carbohydrate Flow through Agricultural Ecosystems

Author(s)

K.E. Low, J.P. Tingley, L.Watt, S.E.R. Hoover, M. Gorzelak, D.W Abbott

Sources

Carbohydrate flow through agricultural ecosystems : Implications for synthesis and microbial conversion of carbohydrates Biotechnology Advances, Volume 69, December 2023, 108245 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2023.108245

Carbohydrates are chemically and structurally diverse biomolecules, serving numerous and varied roles in agricultural ecosystems. Crops and horticulture products are inherent sources of carbohydrates that humans and non-human animals consume ; however, carbohydrates are also present in other agricultural materials, such as soil and compost, human and animal tissues, milk and dairy products, and honey. The biosynthesis, modification, and flow of carbohydrates within and between agricultural ecosystems is intimately related to microbial communities that colonize and thrive within these environments.

Recent advances in –omics techniques have ushered in a new era for microbial ecology by illuminating the functional potential for carbohydrate metabolism encoded within microbial genomes, while agricultural glycomics is providing a fresh perspective on carbohydrate-microbe interactions and how they influence the flow of functionalized carbon. Indeed, carbohydrates and carbohydrate-active enzymes are interventions with unrealized potential for improving carbon sequestration, soil fertility and stability, developing alternatives to antimicrobials, and circular production systems. In this manner, glycomics represent a new frontier for carbohydrate-based biotechnological solutions for agricultural systems facing escalating challenges, such as the changing climate.

Latest news

In biological systems, vascular networks play a pivotal role in regulating the chemical compositions of...

Amylose, a linear polymer comprised of α-1,4-linked glucopyranose units, is renowned for its propensity to...

Algae play an important ecological role as oxygen producers and carbon sequesters and are the...

Streptococcus gordonii is a Gram-positive bacterial species that typically colonizes the human oral cavity, but...